Goal 13: Climate Action
Visualisations on global trends
This page provides a selection of visualisations on global trends for Sustainable Development Goal 13: Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts. All visualisations use the latest official data from the United Nations SDG Global Database.
Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
|13.1.1||Number of deaths, missing persons and directly affected persons attributed to disasters per 100,000 population|
|13.1.2||Number of countries that adopt and implement national disaster risk reduction strategies in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030|
|13.1.3||Proportion of local governments that adopt and implement local disaster risk reduction strategies in line with national disaster risk reduction strategies|
Target 13.1 measures progress both by looking at human and economic costs of disasters, as well as by countries’ adoption of disaster risk reduction strategies at a national and local level.
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a severe effect on the disaster-mortality rate, reversing the progress made from 2015 to 2019 in decreasing the distaster-mortality rate.
In 2020, a total of 80 countries reported near 300 000 deaths caused by disasters, of which the pandemic COVID-19 related. This figure is, according to the UN, significantly underreporting deaths caused by the pandemic, with the World Health Organization estimating 4.5 million excess deaths caused by he pandemic at the end of 2020.
In terms of risk reduction strategies, as of 2021, 123 countries had implemented national disaster risk reduction strategies under the Sendai Framework. 97 of these countries had done so at both the national and local levels.
Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
|13.2.1||Number of countries with nationally determined contributions, long-term strategies, national adaptation plans and adaptation communications, as reported to the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change|
|13.2.2||Total greenhouse gas emissions per year|
The Paris Agreement sets out a goal of limiting global temperature rise to 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels (1850-1900). The latest data for 2021 shows that the global mean temperature rise was at 1.11 ± 0.13 °C above pre-industrial levels, with 2021 one of the seven warmest years recorded, highlighting the need for decisive climate action.
Under the Paris Agreement each Party to the agreement is required to establish a climate action plan, called a Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), which is to be updated every five years. As of April 2022, a total of 193 parties had submitted such NDCs, and 13 parties had submitted their second updated NDC.
To reach the target of limiting global temperature rise to 1.5 °C greenhouse gas emissions have to be cut by 45% by 2030 (compared to 2010 levels), and achieve net-zero by 2050. However, the current trends imply a trajectory where global emissions will increase by 14% over the current decade.
Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning
|13.3.1||Extent to which (i) global citizenship education and (ii) education for sustainable development are mainstreamed in (a) national education policies; (b) curricula; (c) teacher education; and (d) student assessment|
There is ongoing work to develop the indicator used to measure progress towards this target. Each of the four components of the indicator (policies, curricula, teacher education, and student assessment), are measured by a range of criteria which taken together are given a score between 0 and 1, where 1 entails full mainstreaming of the Global Citizenship Education (GCED) and Education for Sustainable Development (ESD). As of 2022, no data is currently available at the global or regional level.
Implement the commitment undertaken by developed-country parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to a goal of mobilizing jointly $100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible
|13.a.1||Amounts provided and mobilized in United States dollars per year in relation to the continued existing collective mobilization goal of the $100 billion commitment through to 2025|
The latest data for 2020 shows that while climate finance levels have increased, the total amount is still approximately $17 billion short of the $100 billion target. Note that the initial target was to achieve $100 billion annually in climate finance for developing countries by 2020, the target deadline has been extended to 2025.
Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities
|13.b.1||Number of least developed countries and small island developing States with nationally determined contributions, long-term strategies, national adaptation plans and adaptation communications, as reported to the secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change|
Insufficient data to analyse trends at the global level.