DATA TRACKER ON THE NORWEGIAN LABOUR MARKET
3 of 4 employed persons work full-time
The share of employed persons working full-time has increased slightly from 73% to 75% over the past 10 years.
There are large differences in the full-time share between women and men. While 84% of men work full-time, only 65% of women do. However compared to 2011, the full-time share of women has increased by 5 percentage points, while for men it has decreased by 1.8 pp. over the same period.
Large differences in the full-time share between industries
Amongst managers, crafts and trade related workers over 90% employees work full-time. Within services and sales less than half work full-time.
Women have a lower full-time share than men in all occupational groups. The differences are smallest for managers.
The high full-time share contributes to making managers the occupational group with the longest work week. Over the past decade there have been few changes in the average weekly work week in different occupations. One exception is for agricultural, fisheries and forestry workers where the average work week has been reduced by five hours.
High part-time share compared to other countries
Compared to other European countries, the share of employed persons working part-time in Norway is high. According to Eurostat, Norway, together with Sweden and Denmark, are above the EU-average.
One of the reasons is that a high share of youth in Norway are combining education with part-time work. Data from Eurostat shows that the share of youth simultaneously in education and employment was twice as high in Norway as the EU-average in 2020.
Shorter working week
The average working week in Norway is shorter than for most other European countries. Actual weekly work hours is 32 per employee in Norway compared to 36 in the EU (average), according to Eurostat.
The data includes persons working full-time and part-time, which means that a high part-time share (such as in Norway) will contribute to lower weekly work hours. Looking only at full-time employees, the differences between Norway and the EU are much smaller.
Stable number of annual working hours
The average annual hours of work has been significantly reduced since the 1970s, in large part due to working-hour reforms such as increased holidays and shortening of the working week. Today Norway is amongst the countries with the lowest annual working hours per employee.
Since 2000 there have been only minor changes, however data from Eurostat shows a reduction in working hours from 2019 to 2020 due to the negative impact of the pandemic on labour markets. So far, this impact seems to be less in Norway than in other countries.